Do you think that you Know Portugal?

Portugal is known for football (Cristiano Ronaldo), food, the sun and of course, the economic crisis, beautiful beaches and very good wine.

This article from PortugalStartups can simply make you shine in a general knowledge contest or might help you look at Portugal’s dimension and relevance with different eyes.

Bandeira da República Portuguesa Our proud flag

Portugal – ID Card

Official designation:  Portuguese Republic
Birth:  1143
Area:  92.212 Km2
Population:  10.394.000 more or less
Capital:  Lisbon
Official Language:  Portuguese
Currency:  Euro
PIB (2013):  171.211 Million EUR
EU member:  Since 1986

Geography and territory

Portugal is geographically situated on the west coast of Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered from north and east by Spain, west and south by the Atlantic Ocean, reaching a geo-strategic position between Europe, America and Africa. The territory includes also Azores and Madeira, two archipelagos situated in the Atlantic Ocean.

The stability of the boarders has been practically unchanged since the thirteenth century, which reflects the strong identity and internal unity.

Portugal has a land area of about 92.212 Km2, which corresponds to the 110th place in the ranking of countries in terms of size. However, according to the Portuguese navy, it has jurisdiction over an extensive maritime area of around 1.720.560 Km2. This ocean area is approximately 18.7 times the land area, so, almost 95% of the country is ocean.

The Portuguese coast has 1230 Km in the mainland, 667 Km in Azores and 250 Km in Madeira.

Population in the country and around the world

Portugal has approximately 10.4 million inhabitants, of which approximately 51% is considered active population. The distribution of the population across the continental area shows a higher concentration along the coast and the highest density is centered in Lisbon and Porto.

Portugal was, in 2010, the 22nd country in the world with more emigrants. It is estimated that there are around 2.3 million Portuguese people born in Portugal living abroad for more than one year.

In 2010, more than 2/3 of the Portuguese emigrants were living in Europe and almost 1/3 in North and South America. In the rest of the world lived only about 3% of Portuguese emigrants.

There are few countries that provide data on the descendants of immigrants born in the destination and with the nationality of the country of emigration. Analysing the available data, considering as a starting point the emigrants born in Portugal, it’s likely that, in 2013, the Portuguese descendants living abroad were between 5 million and 5,5 million individuals.


The official language in the country is Portuguese.

Over 250 million people scattered across Europe, Africa, America and Asia speak Portuguese.

Nine countries have Portuguese as official language: Angola, Brazil, Cabo Verde, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Mozambique, Portugal and São Tomé and Príncipe.

Portuguese is also one of the official languages ​​of the Chinese special administrative region of Macau and of several international organizations, such as Mercosul, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Organization of American States, the African Union and the European Union.


  • Road infrastructure: Portugal currently holds one of the most developed networks in Europe. In 2012, the national road network reached 14,284 Km in the Continent; 2988 Km were Highway.
  • Rail network: 2541 Km that ensure the north-south connection.
  • Airports: the main international airports are in Lisbon, Porto, Beja and Faro.
  • Maritime connections: 9 main ports from North to South, mainly for goods transportation.


The Portuguese economic activity experienced a more moderate decline in 2013 (-1.4%) compared to the previous year (-3.3%). In the 1st half of 2014, the National Statistics Institute estimates for a 0,9% growth of the GDP, compared to the same period of the previous year. It happened mostly because of the significant positive contribution of internal demand, reflecting the evolution of investment and private consumption, while the net external demand made ​​a negative contribution due to the acceleration of imports of goods and services and the slowdown in exports.


The Portuguese Republic is a democratic state based on the respect and guarantee of the fundamental rights and freedom and the separation and interdependence of powers.

We have a Constitution,a President of the Republic, the Parliament, the Government and the Courts.

The Republic President is the Head of State. The legislative power is the responsibility of the Parliament, consisting of 230 members, and the executive power lies with the Government: the Prime Minister, the Ministers and the Secretaries of State. The Portuguese judicial system consists of several categories or orders of courts, independent of each other, with its own structure and rules.

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What do you need to know if want to work, live and want to create your business in Portugal

The portuguese sailors and explorers Vasco da Gama, Bartolomeu Dias, Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered much of the world hundreds of years ago.

But it is about the time for the world to discover Portugal might be the one to give you a little hint here.They want all readers not only to consider bringing their businesses to this land, but to be aware of all the traps & threats before doing so.

To enter a new market, one must know the local ecosystem with all its aspects. Follow up with the Facts and numbers about Portugal in order to jump right on to the next level – required entry formalities. The question for non-Portuguese people is not whether or not to start a company here. Portugal is ranked 10th in the world where it is easier to start a new business by The World Bank Group. The question is – What is there to be done before moving, living & working in Portugal?

Entry formalities for Portugal

Entry formalities


If coming from one border-free Schengen country, EU nationals are not required to show a national ID card or a passport. One should be carrying a passport or ID card, though, to prove identity if necessary.

(*) One of those is always required from people traveling from Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romaniaand the UK, since they are not part of the Schengen area. EU nationals are not required to possess a return ticket or show sufficient funds. In addition to the identity card, minors must present authorisation from their parents to travel.

For a shorter, less than 90 days stay, a passport must be valid for at least three months after the stay for the citizens of the following countries:

Albania, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Guatemala, Holy See, Honduras, Israel, Japan, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, San Marino, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, South Korea, USA, Uruguay, Venezuela, Special Administrative Regions of the People´s Republic of China in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan territorial Authority.


Citizens from the countries mentioned above do need a Visa to enter Portugal, which may be requested at the Portuguese Embassy or Consulate of their country for the visits up to 90 days or downloaded directly online. Visas for Portugal are not required by all nationals referred to in the chart above. Nationals of Australia, Canada and the USA can stay for up to 90 days without a Visa. EU nationals can stay for an unlimited period, but must register with the local authorities after three months.

Under the terms of the Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement, flights between Schengen states are considered to be internal flights and passengers do not need to obtain another Visa.

Additional information:

  1. Costs – Schengen visa: €60; temporary stay visa: €75 (usually issued for study, medical or work purposes).
  2. Validity – Schengen visa: 90 days within a six-month period; temporary stay Visa: multiple entries within a four-month period.
  3. How to apply for Visa – Visit the consular section of the nearest Portuguese Embassy in person and check out the  Schengen visa info – some embassies (London f.i.) also accept online applications; for further information.
  4. Working days – Allow up to 15 days for Visa processing. Applications from some nationalities may take up to two months however.
  5. Sufficient funds – Visitors requiring a Schengen visa must prove sufficient funds to cover their stay.
  6. Extension of stay – Schengen visa holders can only extend their stay in exceptional circumstances such as force majeure or for humanitarian reasons.

Sounds like a terrifying to do list, but after all the “pain” comes a relief. And by that, we do not only mean chilling on the beach of Algarve. Once you enter Portugal and create a business here, you may never want to leave.

External links worth to explore in this field:

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